Discovering and educating ourselves on the Indigenous community of Thunder Bay and Canada has become a bigger part of our everyday lives.
With books discussing Indigenous youth in Thunder Bay and why they’re disappearing so far from home, or fiction that tells stories of survival and community, this is literature that’s important to our discovery and understanding of a community so pertinent to the foundation and success of Thunder Bay.
The stories differ but the main point of education through storytelling shines through all of these works by authors either from Northern Ontario or telling stories of our region and community that has deep roots in this land.
Norval Morrisseau: Man Changing into ThunderbirdArmand Garnet Ruffo
Norval Morrisseau was from the Bingwi Neyaashi Anishinaabek First Nation off the east shores of Lake Nipigon. He was an artist known as the “Picasso of the North” and depicted legends and culture through his works.
His style was characterized by bright colours with thick, black outlines. The author details the artists controversial and tragic life of art and self-destruction. An Ojibway himself, Ruffo takes his own experiences as a way to give a perspective on Morrisseau’s life.
WristNathan Niigan Noodin Adler
Adler is a member of the Lac Des Mille Lacs First Nation and in this work of fictional horror, Wrist tells the story of a boy named Church in Northern Ontario and his partner in crime, a knife, named Religion.
Church is told that he’s a descendent of the Wiindigo, a monster that eats human flesh. The author was influenced by a Norval Morrisseau painting of this monster, as well as Francisco Goya’s painting of Saturn Devouring His Son.
The story unearths monsters and Adler uses this as a metaphor for observations Church makes about the modern world and how colonization leaves the Indigenous community in a constant state of fear and loneliness.
Beautiful Razor: Love Poems and Other LiesAl Hunter
Hunter is an Anishinaabe poet and former chief of Rainy River First Nations that has compiled poetry that intertwines with the sensual and irreverent feelings one has while experiencing the feelings of love and loss.
Seven Fallen Feathers: Racism, Death, and Hard Truths in a Northern CityTanya Talaga
As a difficult insight into the systems and institutions that continue to harm the Indigenous community in Canada, Tanya Talaga dives into the local Thunder Bay community and what’s behind the death of seven Indigenous students.
Jethro Anderson, Jordan Wabasse, Kyle Morriseau, Curran Strang, Robyn Harper, Paul Panacheese, and Reggie Bushie all died while attending school in Thunder Bay away from their home communities.
Talaga explores Thunder Bay’s relationship with the Indigenous community and how we’ve created a barrier that allows ignorance to control how we see and deal with our estranged relationship with the Indigenous community.
A Two-Spirit Journey: The Autobiography of a Lesbian Ojibwa-Cree ElderMa-Nee Chacaby
As a native to the remote parts of Northern Ontario, Chacaby moved to Thunder Bay in her 20s. In her autobiography she details her personal struggles and has written a memoir that is educational and crucial to the understanding of issues the Indigenous community faces.
The title, Two-Spirit, means Chacaby carries a male and female spirit inside. She knew this to be true when she came out over 30 years ago and received backlash from her community. She led the first Pride parade in Thunder Bay in 2013.