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City appeals Swing Bridge decision

City of Thunder Bay turns to Ontario Court of Appeal to challenge previous ruling dismissing case to force CN Rail to reopen James Street Swing Bridge to vehicular traffic.
Bridge 10282015 WEB
tbnewswatch file photograph

THUNDER BAY – The legal battle over the future of the James Street Swing Bridge is not over, despite a June court ruling that dismissed the city’s bid to force the Canadian National Railway to reopen the span to vehicular traffic.

The city of Thunder Bay has launched a challenge with the Ontario Court of Appeal, claiming Superior Court Justice Patrick Smith “failed to understand what he was being asked to do, and failed to understand that his role was to interpret the 1906 agreement” when he decided CN was not ordered by the century-old contract to make the repairs and upgrades that would bring the bridge up to current code.

The CN-owned bridge, which connects the city to Fort William First Nation across the Kaministiquia River, has been closed to vehicular traffic since an Oct. 29, 2013 fire broke out on the northern approach spans. Meanwhile, trains resumed crossing later that week.

“In particular, this appeal will decide whether CN can deprive the city of its perpetual contractual right to have the bridge open for the use of its residents and the respondent Fort William First Nation, while CN continues to enjoy the perpetual contractual rights granted to Grand Trunk in 1905, including the right to run trains over the city’s streets, which CN continues to do to this day,” the notice of appeal reads.

An agreement between the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway – the owner of the bridge prior to CN – and the town of Fort William – which later amalgamated into Thunder Bay – signed in 1906 saw the town provide the company with $50,000 towards the construction of the bridge in return for the railway to maintain the bridge “in perpetuity” and provide sufficient space to accommodate street car, vehicular traffic and separate passage for pedestrians.

CN lawyers argued the bridge did not meet modern building code standards and the state of the vehicular crossing posed a safety risk to motorists and pedestrians. Lawyers representing the city countered the agreement compels CN to provide vehicular traffic access across the bridge.

Smith ruled the legal responsibility was on the city to define exactly what CN would have to do to make the bridge safe for motorized traffic, a legal standard he said the city did not meet.

“Without a specific and detailed proposal from the city – one that has been tested and approved as structurally safe for public traffic, this court is left without reliable evidence upon which to formulate the orders that the city is seeking,” Smith wrote in his decision.

“This court cannot make an order based upon conjecture, speculation or the possibility that an ‘idea’ may be workable. This is all the more critical when the safety of the public is at risk. Without evidence, it is not possible to determine whether the work required to open the bridge safely is within the scope of what was intended by the parties signing the 1906 agreement.”

As well, Smith found the 109-year-old bridge was not originally constructed for the traffic loads it experienced prior to the closure, with the most recent estimate of 8,900 motor vehicles per day.

Smith determined “CN’s maintenance obligations were limited to the type of traffic that was on the bridge in 1906,” the city claims, “but, even if the learned judge was correct in this interpretation, he made no finding that the 1906 agreement was at an end and no determination of CN’s ongoing obligations.”

The appeal also argued Smith “ignored evidence of increased accidents, including fatalities, at the city intersection that, because of the closure of the bridge, has had to absorb the traffic that would otherwise have crossed the bridge.”

CN officials declined to comment on the appeal.

Matt Vis

About the Author: Matt Vis

Born and raised in Thunder Bay, Matt is honoured to tell the stories of his hometown.
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